Specifying and Verifying Secrecy in Workflows with Arbitrarily Many Agents
Bernd Finkbeiner, Helmut Seidl, and Christian Müller
Web-based workflow management systems, like EasyChair, HealthVault, Ebay, or Amazon, often deal with confidential information such as the identity of reviewers, health data, or credit card numbers. Because the number of participants in the workflow is in principle unbounded, it is difficult to describe the information flow policy of such systems in specification languages that are limited to a fixed number of agents. We introduce a first-order version of HyperLTL, which allows us to express information flow requirements in workflows with arbitrarily many agents. We present a bounded model checking technique that reduces the violation of the information flow policy to the satisfiability of a first-order formula. We furthermore identify conditions under which the resulting satisfiability problem is guaranteed to be decidable.