# Weak Kripke Structures and LTL

Lars Kuhtz and Bernd Finkbeiner

We revisit the complexity of the model checking problem for formulas of linear-time temporal logic (LTL). We show that the classic PSPACE-hardness result is actually limited to a subclass of the Kripke frames, which is characterized by a simple structural condition: the model checking problem is only PSPACE-hard if there exists a strongly connected component with two distinct cycles. If no such component exists, the problem is in coNP. If, additionally, the model checking problem can be decomposed into a polynomial number of finite path checking problems, for example if the frame is a tree or a directed graph with constant depth, or the frame has an SCC graph of constant depth, then the complexity reduces further to NC.

22nd International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2011).

Copyright by Springer Verlag.